1. Valdebenito, S., Lou, E., Baldoni, J., Okafo, G. & Eugenin, E. The Novel Roles of Connexin Channels and Tunneling Nanotubes in Cancer Pathogenesis. Int J Mol Sci 19, doi:10.3390/ijms19051270 (2018).
  2. Valdebenito, S., Barreto, A. & Eugenin, E. A. The role of connexin and pannexin containing channels in the innate and acquired immune response. Biochim Biophys Acta 1860, 154-165, doi:10.1016/j.bbamem.2017.05.015 (2018).
  3. Sarathy, J. P. et al. Extreme Drug Tolerance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Caseum. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 62, doi:10.1128/AAC.02266-17 (2018).
  4. Megra, B. W., Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. Inflammatory mediators reduce surface PrP(c) on human BMVEC resulting in decreased barrier integrity. Lab Invest, doi:10.1038/s41374-018-0090-z (2018).
  5. Prevedel, L., Morocho, C., Bennett, M. V. L. & Eugenin, E. A. HIV-Associated Cardiovascular Disease: Role of Connexin 43. Am J Pathol 187, 1960-1970, doi:10.1016/j.ajpath.2017.05.011 (2017).
  6. Okafo, G., Prevedel, L. & Eugenin, E. Tunneling nanotubes (TNT) mediate long-range gap junctional communication: Implications for HIV cell to cell spread. Sci Rep 7, 16660, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16600-1 (2017).
  7. Mishra, B. B. et al. Nitric oxide prevents a pathogen-permissive granulocytic inflammation during tuberculosis. Nat Microbiol 2, 17072, doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.72 (2017).
  8. Megra, B. W., Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. The Role of Shed PrP(c) in the Neuropathogenesis of HIV Infection. J Immunol 199, 224-232, doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1601041 (2017).
  9. Malik, S., Theis, M. & Eugenin, E. A. Connexin43 Containing Gap Junction Channels Facilitate HIV Bystander Toxicity: Implications in NeuroHIV. Front Mol Neurosci 10, 404, doi:10.3389/fnmol.2017.00404 (2017).
  10. Malik, S. & Eugenin, E. A. Role of Connexin and Pannexin containing channels in HIV infection and NeuroAIDS. Neurosci Lett, doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2017.09.005 (2017).
  11. Castellano, P., Prevedel, L. & Eugenin, E. A. HIV-infected macrophages and microglia that survive acute infection become viral reservoirs by a mechanism involving Bim. Sci Rep 7, 12866, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-12758-w (2017).
  12. Calderon, T. M. et al. Dopamine Increases CD14(+)CD16(+) Monocyte Transmigration across the Blood Brain Barrier: Implications for Substance Abuse and HIV Neuropathogenesis. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 12, 353-370, doi:10.1007/s11481-017-9726-9 (2017).
  13. Aslanyan, L. et al. The Crucial Role of Biofilms in Cryptococcus neoformans Survival within Macrophages and Colonization of the Central Nervous System. J Fungi (Basel) 3, doi:10.3390/jof3010010 (2017).
  14. Ariazi, J. et al. Tunneling Nanotubes and Gap Junctions-Their Role in Long-Range Intercellular Communication during Development, Health, and Disease Conditions. Front Mol Neurosci 10, 333, doi:10.3389/fnmol.2017.00333 (2017).
  15. Velasquez, S., Malik, S., Lutz, S. E., Scemes, E. & Eugenin, E. A. Pannexin1 Channels Are Required for Chemokine-Mediated Migration of CD4+ T Lymphocytes: Role in Inflammation and Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis. J Immunol 196, 4338-4347, doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1502440 (2016).
  16. Shi, L., Eugenin, E. A. & Subbian, S. Immunometabolism in Tuberculosis. Front Immunol 7, 150, doi:10.3389/fimmu.2016.00150 (2016).
  17. Rao, V. R., Eugenin, E. A. & Prasad, V. R. Evaluating the Role of Viral Proteins in HIV-Mediated Neurotoxicity Using Primary Human Neuronal Cultures. Methods Mol Biol 1354, 367-376, doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-3046-3_25 (2016).
  18. McFarren, A. et al. A fully human antibody to gp41 selectively eliminates HIV-infected cells that transmigrated across a model human blood brain barrier. Aids 30, 563-572, doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000968 (2016).
  19. Marakalala, M. J. et al. Inflammatory signaling in human tuberculosis granulomas is spatially organized. Nat Med 22, 531-538, doi:10.1038/nm.4073 (2016).
  20. Malik, S. & Eugenin, E. A. Mechanisms of HIV Neuropathogenesis: Role of Cellular Communication Systems. Curr HIV Res 14, 400-411 (2016).
  21. Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. Improved Methods to Detect Low Levels of HIV Using Antibody-Based Technologies. Methods Mol Biol 1354, 265-279, doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-3046-3_18 (2016).
  22. Castellano, P., Nwagbo, C., Martinez, L. R. & Eugenin, E. A. Methamphetamine compromises gap junctional communication in astrocytes and neurons. J Neurochem 137, 561-575, doi:10.1111/jnc.13603 (2016).
  23. Berman, J. W. et al. HIV-tat alters Connexin43 expression and trafficking in human astrocytes: role in NeuroAIDS. J Neuroinflammation 13, 54, doi:10.1186/s12974-016-0510-1 (2016).
  24. Avdoshina, V. et al. The HIV Protein gp120 Alters Mitochondrial Dynamics in Neurons. Neurotox Res 29, 583-593, doi:10.1007/s12640-016-9608-6 (2016).
  25. Valere, K., Rapista, A., Eugenin, E., Lu, W. & Chang, T. L. Human Alpha-Defensin HNP1 Increases HIV Traversal of the Epithelial Barrier: A Potential Role in STI-Mediated Enhancement of HIV Transmission. Viral Immunol 28, 609-615, doi:10.1089/vim.2014.0137 (2015).
  26. Shi, L. et al. Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces the Warburg effect in mouse lungs. Sci Rep 5, 18176, doi:10.1038/srep18176 (2015).
  27. Mihu, M. R. et al. Methamphetamine Alters the Antimicrobial Efficacy of Phagocytic Cells during Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin Infection. MBio 6, e01622-01615, doi:10.1128/mBio.01622-15 (2015).
  28. Coley, J. S., Calderon, T. M., Gaskill, P. J., Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. Dopamine increases CD14+CD16+ monocyte migration and adhesion in the context of substance abuse and HIV neuropathogenesis. PLoS One 10, e0117450, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117450 (2015).
  29. 60 Carvallo, L. et al. Buprenorphine decreases the CCL2-mediated chemotactic response of monocytes. J Immunol 194, 3246-3258, doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1302647 (2015).
  30. Velasquez, S. & Eugenin, E. A. Role of Pannexin-1 hemichannels and purinergic receptors in the pathogenesis of human diseases. Front Physiol 5, 96, doi:10.3389/fphys.2014.00096 (2014).
  31. Subbian, S., Eugenin, E. & Kaplan, G. Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in latently infected lungs by immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. J Med Microbiol 63, 1432-1435, doi:10.1099/jmm.0.081091-0 (2014).
  32. Rella, C. E., Ruel, N. & Eugenin, E. A. Development of imaging techniques to study the pathogenesis of biosafety level 2/3 infectious agents. Pathog Dis 72, 167-173, doi:10.1111/2049-632X.12199 (2014).
  33. Rao, V. R., Neogi, U., Eugenin, E. & Prasad, V. R. The gp120 protein is a second determinant of decreased neurovirulence of Indian HIV-1C isolates compared to southern African HIV-1C isolates. PLoS One 9, e107074, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0107074 (2014).
  34. Orellana, J. A. et al. HIV increases the release of dickkopf-1 protein from human astrocytes by a Cx43 hemichannel-dependent mechanism. J Neurochem 128, 752-763, doi:10.1111/jnc.12492 (2014).
  35. Liu, T. B. et al. Cryptococcus inositol utilization modulates the host protective immune response during brain infection. Cell Commun Signal 12, 51, doi:10.1186/s12964-014-0051-0 (2014).
  36. Eugenin, E. A. Role of connexin/pannexin containing channels in infectious diseases. FEBS Lett 588, 1389-1395, doi:10.1016/j.febslet.2014.01.030 (2014).
  37. Daep, C. A., Munoz-Jordan, J. L. & Eugenin, E. A. Flaviviruses, an expanding threat in public health: focus on dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis virus. J Neurovirol 20, 539-560, doi:10.1007/s13365-014-0285-z (2014).
  38. Cheshenko, N. et al. Herpes simplex virus type 2 glycoprotein H interacts with integrin alphavbeta3 to facilitate viral entry and calcium signaling in human genital tract epithelial cells. J Virol 88, 10026-10038, doi:10.1128/JVI.00725-14 (2014).
  39. Castellano, P. & Eugenin, E. A. Regulation of gap junction channels by infectious agents and inflammation in the CNS. Front Cell Neurosci 8, 122, doi:10.3389/fncel.2014.00122 (2014).
  40. Williams, D. W. et al. Mechanisms of HIV entry into the CNS: increased sensitivity of HIV infected CD14+CD16+ monocytes to CCL2 and key roles of CCR2, JAM-A, and ALCAM in diapedesis. PLoS One 8, e69270, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069270 (2013).
  41. Rao, V. R. et al. Clade C HIV-1 isolates circulating in Southern Africa exhibit a greater frequency of dicysteine motif-containing Tat variants than those in Southeast Asia and cause increased neurovirulence. Retrovirology 10, 61, doi:10.1186/1742-4690-10-61 (2013).
  42. Qian, X. et al. p21CIP1 mediates reciprocal switching between proliferation and invasion during metastasis. Oncogene 32, 2292-2303 e2297, doi:10.1038/onc.2012.249 (2013).
  43. Patel, D. et al. Methamphetamine enhances Cryptococcus neoformans pulmonary infection and dissemination to the brain. MBio 4, doi:10.1128/mBio.00400-13 (2013).
  44. Orellana, J. A. et al. Pannexin1 hemichannels are critical for HIV infection of human primary CD4+ T lymphocytes. J Leukoc Biol 94, 399-407, doi:10.1189/jlb.0512249 (2013).
  45. Megra, B., Eugenin, E., Roberts, T., Morgello, S. & Berman, J. W. Protease resistant protein cellular isoform (PrP(c)) as a biomarker: clues into the pathogenesis of HAND. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 8, 1159-1166, doi:10.1007/s11481-013-9458-4 (2013).
  46. Mavrianos, J. et al. Mitochondrial two-component signaling systems in Candida albicans. Eukaryot Cell 12, 913-922, doi:10.1128/EC.00048-13 (2013).
  47. Liu, T. B. et al. Brain inositol is a novel stimulator for promoting Cryptococcus penetration of the blood-brain barrier. PLoS Pathog 9, e1003247, doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003247 (2013).
  48. Eugenin, E. A., Greco, J. M., Frases, S., Nosanchuk, J. D. & Martinez, L. R. Methamphetamine alters blood brain barrier protein expression in mice, facilitating central nervous system infection by neurotropic Cryptococcus neoformans. J Infect Dis 208, 699-704, doi:10.1093/infdis/jit117 (2013).
  49. Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. Cytochrome C dysregulation induced by HIV infection of astrocytes results in bystander apoptosis of uninfected astrocytes by an IP3 and calcium-dependent mechanism. J Neurochem 127, 644-651, doi:10.1111/jnc.12443 (2013).
  50. Eugenin, E. A. Community-acquired pneumonia infections by Acinetobacter baumannii: how does alcohol impact the antimicrobial functions of macrophages? Virulence 4, 435-436, doi:10.4161/viru.25747 (2013).
  51. D’Aversa, T. G., Eugenin, E. A., Lopez, L. & Berman, J. W. Myelin basic protein induces inflammatory mediators from primary human endothelial cells and blood-brain barrier disruption: implications for the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol 39, 270-283, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2990.2012.01279.x (2013).
  52. Chung, S. et al. N-cadherin regulates mammary tumor cell migration through Akt3 suppression. Oncogene 32, 422-430, doi:10.1038/onc.2012.65 (2013).
  53. Albornoz, E. A. et al. Gestational hypothyroidism increases the severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in adult offspring. Thyroid 23, 1627-1637, doi:10.1089/thy.2012.0401 (2013).
  54. Williams, D. W., Eugenin, E. A., Calderon, T. M. & Berman, J. W. Monocyte maturation, HIV susceptibility, and transmigration across the blood brain barrier are critical in HIV neuropathogenesis. J Leukoc Biol 91, 401-415, doi:10.1189/jlb.0811394 (2012).
  55. Roberts, T. K. et al. CCL2 disrupts the adherens junction: implications for neuroinflammation. Lab Invest 92, 1213-1233, doi:10.1038/labinvest.2012.80 (2012).
  56. Hazleton, J. E., Berman, J. W. & Eugenin, E. A. Purinergic receptors are required for HIV-1 infection of primary human macrophages. J Immunol 188, 4488-4495, doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1102482 (2012).
  57. Gaskill, P. J., Carvallo, L., Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. Characterization and function of the human macrophage dopaminergic system: implications for CNS disease and drug abuse. J Neuroinflammation 9, 203, doi:10.1186/1742-2094-9-203 (2012).
  58. Eugenin, E. A. et al. The role of gap junction channels during physiologic and pathologic conditions of the human central nervous system. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 7, 499-518, doi:10.1007/s11481-012-9352-5 (2012).
  59. Cortes, C. et al. Hypothyroidism in the adult rat causes incremental changes in brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neuronal and astrocyte apoptosis, gliosis, and deterioration of postsynaptic density. Thyroid 22, 951-963, doi:10.1089/thy.2010.0400 (2012).
  60. Coniglio, S. J. et al. Microglial stimulation of glioblastoma invasion involves epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R) signaling. Mol Med 18, 519-527, doi:10.2119/molmed.2011.00217 (2012).
  61. Eugenin, E. A. et al. Differences in NMDA receptor expression during human development determine the response of neurons to HIV-tat-mediated neurotoxicity. Neurotox Res 19, 138-148, doi:10.1007/s12640-010-9150-x (2011).
  62. Eugenin, E. A., Clements, J. E., Zink, M. C. & Berman, J. W. Human immunodeficiency virus infection of human astrocytes disrupts blood-brain barrier integrity by a gap junction-dependent mechanism. J Neurosci 31, 9456-9465, doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1460-11.2011 (2011).


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  2. King, J. E., Eugenin, E. A., Hazleton, J. E., Morgello, S. & Berman, J. W. Mechanisms of HIV-tat-induced phosphorylation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2A in human primary neurons: implications for neuroAIDS pathogenesis. Am J Pathol 176, 2819-2830, doi:10.2353/ajpath.2010.090642 (2010).
  3. Hazleton, J. E., Berman, J. W. & Eugenin, E. A. Novel mechanisms of central nervous system damage in HIV infection. HIV AIDS (Auckl) 2, 39-49 (2010).
  4. Agiostratidou, G. et al. Loss of retinal cadherin facilitates mammary tumor progression and metastasis. Cancer Res 69, 5030-5038, doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-4007 (2009).
  5. Eugenin, E. A., Gaskill, P. J. & Berman, J. W. Tunneling nanotubes (TNT) are induced by HIV-infection of macrophages: a potential mechanism for intercellular HIV trafficking. Cell Immunol 254, 142-148, doi:10.1016/j.cellimm.2008.08.005 (2009).
  6. Rao, V. R., Eugenin, E. A., Berman, J. W. & Prasad, V. R. Methods to study monocyte migration induced by HIV-infected cells. Methods Mol Biol 485, 295-309, doi:10.1007/978-1-59745-170-3_20 (2009).
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  9. D’Aversa, T. G., Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. CD40-CD40 ligand interactions in human microglia induce CXCL8 (interleukin-8) secretion by a mechanism dependent on activation of ERK1/2 and nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1). J Neurosci Res 86, 630-639, doi:10.1002/jnr.21525 (2008).
  10. Eugenin, E. A. et al. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infects human arterial smooth muscle cells in vivo and in vitro: implications for the pathogenesis of HIV-mediated vascular disease. Am J Pathol 172, 1100-1111, doi:10.2353/ajpath.2008.070457 (2008).
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  14. Eugenin, E. A., Gonzalez, H. E., Sanchez, H. A., Branes, M. C. & Saez, J. C. Inflammatory conditions induce gap junctional communication between rat Kupffer cells both in vivo and in vitro. Cell Immunol 247, 103-110, doi:10.1016/j.cellimm.2007.08.001 (2007).
  15. Eugenin, E. A. et al. HIV-tat induces formation of an LRP-PSD-95- NMDAR-nNOS complex that promotes apoptosis in neurons and astrocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104, 3438-3443, doi:10.1073/pnas.0611699104 (2007).
  16. Buckner, C. M., Luers, A. J., Calderon, T. M., Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. Neuroimmunity and the blood-brain barrier: molecular regulation of leukocyte transmigration and viral entry into the nervous system with a focus on neuroAIDS. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 1, 160-181, doi:10.1007/s11481-006-9017-3 (2006).
  17. Calderon, T. M. et al. A role for CXCL12 (SDF-1alpha) in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis: regulation of CXCL12 expression in astrocytes by soluble myelin basic protein. J Neuroimmunol 177, 27-39, doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2006.05.003 (2006).
  18. Eugenin, E. A. et al. Shedding of PECAM-1 during HIV infection: a potential role for soluble PECAM-1 in the pathogenesis of NeuroAIDS. J Leukoc Biol 79, 444-452, doi:10.1189/jlb.0405215 (2006).
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  20. King, J. E., Eugenin, E. A., Buckner, C. M. & Berman, J. W. HIV tat and neurotoxicity. Microbes Infect 8, 1347-1357, doi:10.1016/j.micinf.2005.11.014 (2006).
  21. D’Aversa, T. G., Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. NeuroAIDS: contributions of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 proteins Tat and gp120 as well as CD40 to microglial activation. J Neurosci Res 81, 436-446, doi:10.1002/jnr.20486 (2005).
  22. Eugenin, E. A., Dyer, G., Calderon, T. M. & Berman, J. W. HIV-1 tat protein induces a migratory phenotype in human fetal microglia by a CCL2 (MCP-1)-dependent mechanism: possible role in NeuroAIDS. Glia 49, 501-510, doi:10.1002/glia.20137 (2005).
  23. Eugenin, E. A. & Berman, J. W. Chemokine-dependent mechanisms of leukocyte trafficking across a model of the blood-brain barrier. Methods 29, 351-361 (2003).
  24. Eugenin, E. A., Branes, M. C., Berman, J. W. & Saez, J. C. TNF-alpha plus IFN-gamma induce connexin43 expression and formation of gap junctions between human monocytes/macrophages that enhance physiological responses. J Immunol 170, 1320-1328 (2003).
  25. Eugenin, E. A., D’Aversa, T. G., Lopez, L., Calderon, T. M. & Berman, J. W. MCP-1 (CCL2) protects human neurons and astrocytes from NMDA or HIV-tat-induced apoptosis. J Neurochem 85, 1299-1311 (2003).
  26. Saez, C. G., Velasquez, L., Montoya, M., Eugenin, E. & Alvarez, M. G. Increased gap junctional intercellular communication is directly related to the anti-tumor effect of all-trans-retinoic acid plus tamoxifen in a human mammary cancer cell line. J Cell Biochem 89, 450-461, doi:10.1002/jcb.10519 (2003).
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  29. Martinez, A. D., Eugenin, E. A., Branes, M. C., Bennett, M. V. & Saez, J. C. Identification of second messengers that induce expression of functional gap junctions in microglia cultured from newborn rats. Brain Res 943, 191-201 (2002).
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  31. Eugenin, E. A. et al. Microglia at brain stab wounds express connexin 43 and in vitro form functional gap junctions after treatment with interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98, 4190-4195, doi:10.1073/pnas.051634298 (2001).


  1. Saez, J. C. et al. Gap junctions in cells of the immune system: structure, regulation and possible functional roles. Braz J Med Biol Res 33, 447-455 (2000).
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  3. Eugenin, E. A., Gonzalez, H., Saez, C. G. & Saez, J. C. Gap junctional communication coordinates vasopressin-induced glycogenolysis in rat hepatocytes. Am J Physiol 274, G1109-1116 (1998).
  4. Eugenin, E. A., Saez, C. G., Garces, G. & Saez, J. C. Regulation of glycogen content in rat pineal gland by norepinephrine. Brain Res 760, 34-41 (1997).